Carrot is a significant root crop. Farmers cultivate the carrot throughout the world for its fleshy edible roots. Farmers do carrot farming in the spring, autumn and summer in temperate climates and during winter in tropical and subtropical regions. carrot cultivation is a good way to increase the wealth of farmers and also help to increase immune system of humans.
When you start farming, choose the equipment made according to the relevant agriculture, which is most important. However, farmers mostly use the Preet Tractor in every farming. Therefore, you should be aware and careful regarding every requirement in the business. Moreover, a tractor plays a vital role in every farming business, and farmers always prefer budget-friendly equipment. Therefore, for a relevant and cost-effective tractor, you can check the Preet tractor price, which is reasonable and easily affordable by the farmers.
About Carrots and Its Uses
Carrots are the best source of b-carotene and keep an appreciable amount of riboflavin and thiamine. The roots of the carrot are used as a vegetable for curries & soups. We use the graded roots as a salad, tender roots as pickles. You can also use the carrot for jam and halwa. Carrot juice is an excellent source of carotene, and we can use it for colouring buffer and other food particles. In addition, you can use the carrot tops for poultry feed, as fodder, and for leaf protein extraction. India’s significant carrot growing states are Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh.
We use the carrot as Ayurvedic medicine, and the carrot possesses various medicinal properties. China has got the first rank in the production of carrots after Russia. The carrot crop is the second-largest demandable vegetable in the world after potato.
Carrot Farming – Soil Requirement
Farmers can grow the carrot well in a huge variety of soil. However, commercial carrot cultivation requires the ideal soil. Therefore, farmers need deep, well-drained, deep and rich humus.
Sandy loam soils and Loamy with sufficient quantities of humus are suitable for carrot cultivation. The ideal pH range for achieving a good yield is 5.5-6.5. Farmers can also use PH of soil up to 7.0, but too acidic or alkaline soils are unsuitable for this crop.
Carrot Farming – Climate Requirement
- Carrot is a cold-weather crop. However, this carrot crop also grows best in warm climates.
- For excellent growth, the optimum temperature is between 16 to 20 °C, while temperatures above 28°C reduce top growth.
- Lower than 16°C temperatures affect the development of colour and result in long slender roots, while higher temperatures produce thicker and shorter roots.
- Temperatures below 16°C affect the development of colour and result in long slender roots, while the highest temperatures produce shorter and thicker roots.
- The temperatures between 15°C – 20°C produce excellent root quality and colour with attractive roots.
Carrot Farming – Propagation
Farmers propagate the carrot using seeds. The seeds are small, about 800 per gram. They remain viable for about three years and up to 85% germination. However, the germination of some local varieties may be insufficient. Hence it is necessary to find out the germination percentage while calculating the seed requirement.
It is also essential to get clean, healthy and viable seeds from reliable sources for best results. Seeds take about 7-21 days for full germination. Best seed germination occurs at 20-30 °C. Therefore, September is the best time for carrot cultivation in India.
Planting Of Carrots
Farmers should use the soil that is properly prepared to get the desired yield for carrot cultivation. Therefore the field must provide a friable, loose, deep and well-drained soil for seeds to germinate.
This crop can be achieved by repeated harrowing, levelling and cleaning followed by ploughing at least 20-30 cm deep. You should remove all old debris or remnants of previous crops to achieve the desired seedbed condition. You must prepare the seedbed since the seeds are very delicate and small. Therefore, farmers should prepare beds of convenient size before sowing.
The seeds are either broadcast, drilled, or hand-dipped and mixed with sand, ash, or fine soil to facilitate sowing. Farmers sow the seeds either in bunds or in flatbeds.
In any case, the length of the shallow groove is 30-45 cm. Therefore, when farmers harvest the seeds, they sow at a 7.5-10 cm distance. In such a situation, about 4 to 6 kg of seed is required per hectare.
Farmers should cover the seed with soil or sand. Before sowing, some growers irrigate the field about 24 hours before sowing to ensure that ample moisture requires at the time of sowing. Various varieties germinate in approximately 10 to 15 days.
Carrot Farming – Fertilisation Management
- Fertilizer suggestions should be based on soil analysis. At the time of the last ploughing, manure is applied at the rate of 30 tonnes per hectare and 40 to 60 kg nitrogen, 25 to 50 kg phosphorus and 90 to 110 kg potassium per hectare are recommended.
- Apply 2-3 tonnes of cow dung at the time of field preparation along with 50 kg Nitrogen, 40 kg Phosphorous and 50 kg Potash per hectare.
- Apply a half dose of nitrogen and a full dose of phosphorus and potash before sowing. Farmers should give the remaining nitrogen 56 weeks after germination.
- Carrots are a heavy potassium feeder. Potassium deficiency can affect the quality of roots and affect the overall metabolism of the plant. Roots lacking potassium are less sweet, and the flesh does not have the desired lustre.
Farming needs the pivotal kind of equipment, which plays a major role in agro-processing. Therefore, , we recommend the John Deere tractor, which is better for increasing efficiency in the field. Hence, equipment, harvesters and tractors are the major ones in carrot cultivation.
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